Car - is that important for You?

Clerk Cycle 1879 6 Day Cycle Four-stroke engine (Otto cycle) Six-stroke engine By type of ignition Compression-ignition engine Spark-ignition engine (commonl

Dodane: 03-09-2016 10:41
Car - is that important for You? AC smoking exhaust

Classification

Classification

There are several possible ways to classify internal combustion engines.

Reciprocating:

By number of strokes

Two-stroke engine

Clerk Cycle 1879 6
Day Cycle

Four-stroke engine (Otto cycle)
Six-stroke engine

By type of ignition

Compression-ignition engine
Spark-ignition engine (commonly found as gasoline engines)

By mechanical/thermodynamical cycle (these 2 cycles do not encompass all reciprocating engines, and are infrequently used):

Atkinson cycle
Miller cycle

Rotary:

Wankel engine

Continuous combustion:

Gas turbine
Jet engine

Rocket engine
Ramjet

The following jet engine types are also gas turbines types:

Turbojet
Turbofan
Turboprop



Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internal_combustion_engine


Style of the car

Most cars are designed to carry multiple occupants, often with four or five seats. Cars with five seats typically seat two passengers in the front and three in the rear. Full-size cars and large sport utility vehicles can often carry six, seven, or more occupants depending on the arrangement of the seats. In the other hand, sports cars are most often designed with only two seats. The differing needs for passenger capacity and their luggage or cargo space has resulted in the availability of a large variety of body styles to meet individual consumer requirements that include, among others, the sedan/saloon, hatchback, station wagon/estate, and minivan.

Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Car_classification


The very first internal combustion engines

Other cycles

The very first internal combustion engines did not compress the mixture. The first part of the piston downstroke drew in a fuel-air mixture, then the inlet valve closed and, in the remainder of the down-stroke, the fuel-air mixture fired. The exhaust valve opened for the piston upstroke. These attempts at imitating the principle of a steam engine were very inefficient. There are a number of variations of these cycles, most notably the Atkinson and Miller cycles. The diesel cycle is somewhat different.

Split-cycle engines separate the four strokes of intake, compression, combustion and exhaust into two separate but paired cylinders. The first cylinder is used for intake and compression. The compressed air is then transferred through a crossover passage from the compression cylinder into the second cylinder, where combustion and exhaust occur. A split-cycle engine is really an air compressor on one side with a combustion chamber on the other.

Previous split-cycle engines have had two major problems?poor breathing (volumetric efficiency) and low thermal efficiency. However, new designs are being introduced that seek to address these problems.

The Scuderi Engine addresses the breathing problem by reducing the clearance between the piston and the cylinder head through various turbo charging techniques. The Scuderi design requires the use of outwardly opening valves that enable the piston to move very close to the cylinder head without the interference of the valves. Scuderi addresses the low thermal efficiency via firing after top dead centre (ATDC).

Firing ATDC can be accomplished by using high-pressure air in the transfer passage to create sonic flow and high turbulence in the power cylinder.

Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internal_combustion_engine